What is the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005?

The Regulatory Reform Order (Fire Safety) 2005 came into force on 1 October 2006, and replaced over 70 separate pieces of fire safety legislation.

Does it affect me?

Yes if you are an employer, owner or occupier of business or industrial premises, or if you have some degree of control over any commercial premises. It also includes blocks of flats and houses of multiple occupation (HMOs).

What do I have to do?

The Order places a duty on a “responsible person” (usually the owner, employer or occupier of business or industrial premises) to carry out a Fire Risk Assessment. Responsible persons under the Order are required, following a Fire Risk Assessment, to implement appropriate fire safety measures to minimise the risk to life from fire; and to keep the assessment up to date.

Why do I need to train my staff?

(1) The Responsible Person must ensure that their employees are provided with adequate safety training. (2) They must implement appropriate procedures in the event of serious danger and nominate a sufficient number of competent persons to implement those procedures. (3) The Responsible Person must also ensure that their employees are provided with adequate Safety Training which must include sufficient instruction and training on the appropriate precautions and actions to be taken by the employee in order to safeguard themselves and others.
RRO, part 2 Fire Safety Duties.(1) Training 21, (2) Procedures15, (3)Training 21.

What does a Fire Risk Assessment involve?

There are 5 key steps in a Fire Safety Risk Assessment:

  • Identify fire hazards – eg, how could a fire start? what could burn?
  • Consider the people who may be a risk – eg, employees, visitors to the premises, and anyone who may be particularly vulnerable such as children, the elderly and disabled people.
  • Evaluate and act – think about what you have found in steps 1 and 2 and remove and reduce any risks to protect people and premises.
  • Record, plan and train – keep a record of what risks you identified and what actions you have taken to reduce or remove them. Make a clear plan of how to prevent fires and, should a fire start, you will keep people safe. Make sure your staff know what to do in the event of a fire and if necessary that they are trained for their roles.
  • Review – regularly review your Risk Assessment to ensure it remains up to date and reflects and changes that may have occurred.